There are a huge number of narcotic drugs. Addicts with long experience can easily distinguish by the appearance of the stimulant, what they are dealing with. It is difficult for a simple layman to determine what kind of composition he sees.
Many people think that he is the only one, but he is not. Among the most common and popular white loose narcotic substances:
They differ in the way they act on the central nervous system. The harm from their use is different. But they are similar in appearance, and a person who is far from the world of drug addiction is unlikely to be able to distinguish them.
White powder that is smoked, smelled, chewed. Visually resembles ordinary baking soda, odorless. Dependence on it develops very quickly. When trying to ” tie ” the patient has an unbearable withdrawal. Therefore, heroin is spoken of as a heavy drug.
As a result of its introduction into the body, there are:
a pleasant feeling of euphoria;
slowing of the pulse.
Some patients experience vomiting, and nausea may occur.
Taking high doses of the drug is white.:
confusion of consciousness;
paleness of the skin;
lowering blood pressure;
a rare pulse.
WITHDRAWAL FROM HEROIN USE
If the addict does not take the next dose on time, he becomes sluggish, passive. Often yawns. After a day of ” tie ” there is vomiting and nausea, painful convulsions. Repeated muscle contractions and headaches do not keep you waiting.
Heroin addicts can not cope with the withdrawal syndrome on their own — they are shown urgent drug treatment. The doctor puts a drip and removes toxic metabolites from the body. Due to this, the physical condition is normalized.
A drug, a white powder formed by small crystals. It is also similar to baking soda. Strongly stimulates, causes euphoria, high physical and mental activity. With prolonged use, it causes such dangerous clinical effects as hallucinations, angina pectoris.
HOW IT WORKS
Cocaine increases arousal in the centers of the brain, where a large number of serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine receptors are concentrated. Its use contributes to:
excessive stimulation of cardiac activity;
increase in muscle activity;
Taking the drug leads to the depletion of the supply of neurotransmitters. As a result, the nerve impulses continue to pass, but the release of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin slowly decreases. In an attempt to compensate for the resulting deficiency, receptors are more actively formed on the surface of cell membranes. At the physiological level, this process is called addiction. The usual doses of white powder cease to give pleasure-the addict is forced to inject more of it.
EFFECTS OF DRUG USE
Since coke stimulates the central nervous system, it can be used to get:
a sense of imaginary superpowers;
increased sexual desire;
a powerful charge of energy.
While high, drug addicts commit criminal acts, enter into intimate relationships with unfamiliar people, and get seriously injured. People say about them “the sea is knee-deep”.
Signs of drug poisoning appear immediately — after five minutes, the addict becomes ill. The critical dose is 500 mg of white powder. You can die if you use 1200 mg of the drug at a time (especially if a person has a heart disease).
Depending on the severity of the poisoning, a cocaine overdose is classified into:
Light. There are uncomfortable sensations in the chest, blood pressure rises rapidly, pupils increase, sweating increases. Visual and auditory hallucinations may occur.
The average one. The doctor observes the so-called adrenergic syndrome: the patient moves a lot, rushes, shouts, jumps. The body temperature increases, the heartbeat becomes more frequent. If qualified drug treatment is not provided in time, heart attack, arrhythmia, cerebral hemorrhage, and pulmonary edema may develop.
Heavy. After chest pain, a state of coma occurs. The man falls, his body shrinks from the strongest convulsions. The consequences of a severe overdose are the most unfavorable — hemorrhage in the brain, kidney failure, heart attack, cerebral edema, death.
Telling what kind of drug in the form of white powder, it is impossible not to mention salt. This development is also called “whistle”, “legalka”, “speed”. It looks like powdered sugar.
The drug has synthetic roots. It first appeared on the market in the 2000s. The name of the drug has an interesting origin — to get away from the law, the manufacturers indicated on the pack with the narcotic substance “bath salt”. Due to this, they managed to sell it legally for several years.
Salts act very insidiously. In just one or two years, they turn young and healthy people into mentally retarded and physically undeveloped. Addiction develops rapidly — it is enough to use salt only a couple of times. This explains why drug dealers often supply the first doses for free — this is how they expand their customer base.
SYMPTOMS OF USE
The narcotic composition begins to work quickly. After 15 minutes, there is a feeling of euphoria. The dependent dilates the pupils, increases the pulse. He feels a surge of energy. Feels powerful and meaningful. He can have fun, even if he hasn’t slept for a whole day. Some people have hallucinations after the introduction of the drug, paranoia develops.
As soon as the salt stops working, the good mood disappears. It is replaced by an inexplicable panic fear. The patient wants to hide or run from a far-fetched danger. Soon he falls asleep. Due to the fact that the body spends energy in a state of high as if in advance, the addict sleeps for a very long time — sometimes several days in a row.
Relatives may suspect taking salt by:
redness of the whites of the eyes;
dilation of the pupils;
lower jaw tremor;
fast weight loss;
It is important to show the addict to the narcologist as soon as possible, as delay in salt addiction often leads to death.
HOW TO GET RID OF CRAVINGS FOR DRUGS IN THE FORM OF WHITE POWDER
Regardless of what drug a person uses, treatment should take place in a drug clinic hospital. The doctor will make an anamnesis, conduct a comprehensive examination. Based on the results of the latter, he will develop a treatment plan. It will include:
It is very important that from the first to the last day of treatment, the drug addict is under constant medical supervision. Also, the addict should enlist the support of a psychologist, psychotherapist. Then the risk of relapse will be minimized.